Oman’s constitution designates Islam as the official state religion and Islamic Sharia law as a basis of legislation. Legislation in the areas of marital status and family law, in particular, is consistent with Sharia. Civil and criminal law and judicial penalties must also be fully in compliance with international laws.
The Sultanate has signed into laws adopted by the UN, in particular those relating to the protection of human rights, the protection of minorities, as well as the conventions against all forms of discrimination against women and to safeguard the rights of the child. The rule of law, the sovereignty of the state, and the independence of the judiciary are among the most important principles that were established to protect the rights of every Omani citizen.
Each defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty by a legal process. The use of physical and/or psychological abuse is prohibited. All penalties shall be in accordance with the law before which all citizens are equal.